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Audacht Morainn

NOTE: Even though I have posted various other things to transcribed into the Crane Book of Wisdom, Audacht Morainn should be NEXT to be entered into the Crane Book of Wisdom after the Triads of Ireland.

Here begins the Testament of Morann son of Moen to Feradach Find Fechtnach son of Craumthann Nia Nar. He was the son of the daughter of Loth son of Derelath of the Picts. His mother brought him away in her womb after the vassal tribes had destroyed the nobles of Ireland except for Feradach in his mother’s womb. He came over afterwards with hosts and Morann sent this Testament to him.

Audacht Morainn

Arise, set forth

O my Neire accustomed to proclaiming

The virtue of dutifulness makes you known

Dutiful the journey you undertake

Announce, increase truth.

Fair [and] lasting

My words before my death

Bring him the virtue of rectitude

Which each ruler must have

If you go past every [other] king

I measure them for the protection of my kin. . .

If you go to a king

Hasten to Feradach

Find Fechtnach

Good, vigorous

He will be long ruling

In the seat of full sovereignty

He will move many tribes

Of thieves to the sea

He will increase his heir

Filled with valor. . . .

Let him keep my advice which follows here. . .

Tell him before every [other] word

Bring him with every word this lasting justice. .

Let him preserve Truth, it shall preserve him

Let him raise truth, it will raise him.

Let him exalt mercy, it exalts him

Let him care for his tribes, they will care for

him

Let him help his tribes, they will help him

Let him soothe his tribes, they will soothe him

Tell him, it is through the truth of the ruler

that plagues [and] great lightnings

are kept from the people

It is through the truth of the ruler that he

judges great tribes [and] great riches

It is through the truth of the ruler that he

secures peace, tranquility, joy, ease,

[and] comfort.

It is through the truth of the ruler that he

dispatches (great) battalions to the

borders of hostile neighbors.

It is through the truth of the ruler that every

heir plants his house-post in his

fair inheritance

It is through the truth of the ruler that

abundances of great tree-fruit of the

great wood are tasted.

It is through the truth of the ruler that milk-

yields of great cattle are maintained.

It is through the truth of the ruler that there

is abundance of every high, tall corn

It is through the truth of the ruler that

abundance of fish swim in streams It is

through the truth of the ruler that fair children

are well begotten.

Tell him, since he is young, his rule is young.

Let him observe the driver of an old chariot.

For the driver of an old wheel rim does not sleep

He looks ahead, he looks behind, in front and to

the right and to the left.

He looks, he defends, he protects, so that he may

not break with neglect or

violence the wheel-rims which run under him.

Tell him, let him not exalt any judge unless he

knows the true legal precedents.

It is through the truth of the ruler that every

man of art attains the crown of knowledge.

After that he will sit to teach the good rule to

which he has submitted.

It is through the truth of the ruler that the

borders of every true lord extend

so that each cow reaches the end of its grazing.

It is through the truth of the ruler that every

garment of clothing is obtained for glances of

eyes.

It is through the truth of the ruler that

enclosures of protection of cattle [and]

of every produce extend.

It is through the truth of the ruler that the

three immunities of violence at

every assembly protect every lord from the

restraints of collision during the

course of his noble rule.

The first immunity [is] the racing of horses at

assemblies

The second immunity of them [is] a hosting [of a

military force]

The third immunity [is] the privilege of the ale-

house with friends and great

abundances of mead-circuit, where foolish and

wise, familiars and strangers are intoxicated.

Tell him, let him not redden many fore-courts,

for bloodshed is a vain destruction of all rule

and of protection from one kin for the ruler.

Tell him, let him give any reciprocal service

which is due from him, let him enforce any bond

which he should bind, let him remove the shame of

his cheeks by arms in battle against other

territories, against their oath, against

all their protections.

Tell him, let not rich gifts or great treasures

or profits blind him to the weak in their

sufferings.

Tell him, let him estimate the creations of the

creator who made them as they

were made; anything which he will not judge

according to its profits will not

give them with full increase.

Let him estimate the earth by its fruits

Let him estimate the yew by its well-made

articles

Let him estimate cattle by their winter-circuit

of fame

Let him estimate milk-yield by its increase

Let him estimate corn by its height

Let him estimate streams by their clean washing

Let him estimate iron by its properties at

disputes of tribes.

Let him estimate copper by its firmness [and]

strength [and] dense artifacts.

Let him estimate silver by its durability [and]

value [and] white artifacts.

Let him estimate gold by its foreign wonderful

ornaments.

Let him estimate the soil by its services where

people may seek out produce.

Let him estimate sheep by their covering which is

selected for the garments of the people

Let him estimate pigs by the fat side, for it is

freeing from shame of every face

Let him estimate the war-bands which accompany a

true lord, for the rule of his retinue belongs to

every king; anything which he will not judge

according to its profits will not summon them

with full increase.

Let him estimate unfree persons [and] serving

companies; let them serve, let them provide food-

rent, let them measure [it], let them give [it]

in return for the true grants of the ruler

Let him estimate old men in the seats of their

ancestors with numerous benefits of respect.

Let him estimate fathers and mothers with

benefits of maintenance [and] dutiful

consistency.

Let him estimate the fees of every craftsman for

firm articles [and] well made

objects

Let him estimate the right and justice, truth and

law, contract and regulation of every just ruler

towards all his clients.

Let him estimate the proper honor-price of every

grade of free and base nemed-persons.

(I have failed, I am made to blush.)

Arise, set forth,

O my Neire accustomed to proclaiming

To Feradach Find Fechtnach.

Announce to him the high points of my words

Darkness yields to light

Sorrow yields to joy

An oaf yields to a sage

A fool yields to a wise man

A serf yields to a free man

Inhospitably yields to hospitality

Niggardliness yields to generosity

Meanness yields to liberality

Impetuosity yields to composure

Turbulence yields to submission

A usurper yields to a true lord

Conflict yields to peace

Falsehood yields to truth.

Tell him, let him be merciful, just, impartial,

conscientious, firm, generous,

hospitable, honorable, stable, beneficent,

capable, honest, well-spoken,

steady, true-judging.

For there are ten things which extinguish the

injustice of every ruler.

(Beware that you do not do it, beware of

everything, O rulers.) Announce

from me the ten: rule and worth, fame and

victory, progeny and kindred,

peace and long life, good fortune and tribes.

Tell him: he may die, he will die, he may depart,

he will depart; how he has

been, how he will be, that is what will be

proclaimed. He is not a ruler unless

he performs these deeds.

Tell him, there are only four rulers: the true

ruler and the wily ruler, the ruler

of occupation with hosts, and the bull ruler.

The true ruler, in the first place, is moved

towards every good thing, he

smiles on the truth when he hears it, he exalts

it when he sees it. For he

whom the living do not glorify with blessings is

not a true ruler.

The wily ruler defends borders and tribes, they

yield their valuables and dues

to him.

The ruler of occupation with hosts from outside;

his forces turn away, they

put off his needs, for a prosperous man does not

turn outside.

The bull ruler strikes [and] is struck, wards off

[and] is warded off, roots out

[and] is rooted out, pursues [and] is pursued.

Against him there is always

bellowing with horns.

Arise, set forth

O my Neire accustomed to proclaiming

To Feradach Find Fechtnach

A noble, mighty ruler

To every ruler who rules truly.

Let him keep my words,

They will bring him to victory.

I measure them for the protection of my kin.

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2 thoughts on “Audacht Morainn

  1. Thank you. Was this the letter to the man who reconquered Tara and received blessing from the Lia Fáil and whose descendents ruled until the English came to Ireland? Sorry I’m not being more specific.

    Like

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